of Crop Science and Biotechnology
(JCSB) is an
open access international journal devoted to research, production,
and management of field crops and resource plants. Papers on
a wide range of sciences will be accepted as long as they are
related to agricultural crops.
JCSB is owned and published by the Korean Society of Crop Science
in collaboration with the Korean Society of Breeding Science.
Four issues of a yearly volume will be published at the end
of March, June, September, and December in a printed and an
JCSB publishes original research papers that are judged after
peer editorial review. The JOURNAL also publishes a couple of
reviews that are invited by editorial boards to show broad and
in-depth interest in crop science. We recommend that paper is
less than 12 printed pages even though there is no page limitation.
JCSB propose “Open Access” to the full text of research articles
for the best interests of the scientific community. Basically,
there is no charge for publication. However, we may ask some
additional charge for English polishing based on communication
between authors and editorial board.
As a condition of publication, all authors must transfer copyright
to the Korean Society of Crop Science. Manuscripts prepared
by multiple authors should be submitted based on approvals by
A. How to Submit
Authors are strongly encouraged to submit manuscripts electronically
using the Online electronic Manuscript Tracking System (MTS)
1. Initial Submission as PDF
Step 1. Prepare the text in Microsoft Word 6.0 or a later version.
Step 2. Prepare graphics at publication quality resolution,
using applications capable of generating high resolution TIFF
or EPS files. Number each figure. You will be required to submit
your manuscript graphics in one of these formats if it is accepted.
Step 3. Using Adobe Acrobat, save your manuscript text and graphics
in a single file in PDF format. The PDF file should be printed
and carefully reviewed before final submission. It is this version
that is circulated on the Web for review.
Step 4. Submit the necessary information using the submission
template at the web site https://www.editorialmanager.com/jcsb
You will need:
2. Initial Electronic Submission not in PDF Format
for the submitting author
Information about the authors and the manuscript
A covering letter
The text and graphics PDF file of your manuscript
If you cannot submit your manuscript as a PDF file, you may
submit separate text and graphics files online. We will only
accept the text of your manuscript as a Microsoft Word file
created with MS Word 6.0 or a later version. Other word processing
programs will not permit review. Do not embed figures in the
text, and ensure that the number of each figure is visible in
We will accept only graphics saved as TIFF or JPG files. For
graphics, we cannot accept certain application programs such
as Microsoft Office (PowerPoint, Word, Excel, Access), Corel
Perfect Office (WordPerfect, Quattro Pro, Presentations), Lotus
SmartSuite (Freelance Graphics, 1-2-3, Approach, WordPro) and
Step 1. Revise text in Microsoft Word 6.0 or a later version.
Step 2. Revise graphics at publication quality resolution, using
applications capable of generating high resolution TIFF or EPS
files. The number of each figure should be visible in the figure.
It is necessary to have your manuscript graphics in one of these
formats if it is accepted. You are encouraged to submit source
files for revised manuscripts.
Step 3. Check sizes of individual text and graphic files. Each
file should be about 10 MB or less.
Step 4. Go to https://www.editorialmanager.com/jcsb
and commence submission of your revised
manuscript. You will need:
A covering letter with information for the Editor and
responses to concerns raised
Individual text and graphics files for your manuscript
If the manuscript is accepted for publication, the individual
text and graphics files will be automatically transmitted to
the publisher. The PDF file with the text and graphics is not
suitable for publication.
B. Organization of the Manuscript
1. General organization:
The most desirable plan for the organization of a paper is as
follows: (a) Abstract
, in less than 250 words,
, in less than two typed pages,
(c) Materials and Methods
, (d) Results
, (f) Acknowledgments
, (h) Tables
(I) Figure legends
. In some cases the presentation
might be more effective if you combined some sections, e.g.
Results and Discussion. This is particularly true in short papers.
The Journal imposes no lower limit on the size of regular papers.
2. The title
should be short and clear, and
usually cover less than two printed lines. It should not include
chemical formulas or arbitrary abbreviations, but chemical symbols
may be used to indicate the structures of isotopically labeled
compounds. Bear in mind the increasing use of titles in the
construction of certain types of indexes, e.g. Chemical Titles,
Each manuscript should present the results of an independent,
coherent study. Thus, numbered series are not allowed except
when a group of papers, starting with I, are to be published
On the title page, include the title, running title (not to
exceed 60 characters and spaces), full name of each author,
address(es) of the institution(s) at which the work was performed,
and each author’s affiliation, with a footnote indicating the
present address of any author no longer at the institution where
the work was performed. Where there is more than one affiliation,
match authors and their appropriate affiliations with superscript
symbols (avoid asterisks). Use a superscript asterisk to mark
the author to whom correspondence should be directed, and include
a footnote with the words “To whom correspondence should be
addressed”. To clarify identities, spell out all names
. For example, use Kil Dong Hong instead of
K. D. Hong in the listing of authors on each submitted manuscript.
A list of keywords may also be included on the title page. These
will be considered during compilation of the subject index.
3. Every paper must begin with a brief Abstract
(no longer than 250 words) presenting succinctly and clearly
the plan, procedures, and significant results of the investigation.
Avoid specialized terms, abbreviations, diagrams, and references.
When it is essential to include a reference, put the literature
citation within square brackets, e.g. [Lee and Kang (1990)].
4. The Introduction
states the purpose of the
investigation and its relation to other works in the same field,
but should not present an extensive review of the literature.
5. The descriptions in Materials and Methods
should be brief, but sufficiently detailed to permit repetition
of the work by a qualified operator. When centrifugation conditions
are critical, give details to enable another investigator to
repeat the procedure: make of centrifuge, model of rotor, temperature,
time at maximum speed, and centrifugal force (´ g rather than
revolutions per minutes.)
Refer to published procedures by citing both the original description
and pertinent published modifications. Do not include extensive
details unless they constitute a significant new modification.
A simple reference is sufficient for commonly used materials
and methods (e.g. media and protein determination). If several
alternative methodologies are commonly employed, it is useful
to identify the method briefly, as well as to cite the reference.
For example, “cells were broken by ultrasonic treatment as previously
described (Kim 1983)”, rather than “cells were broken as previously
described (Kim 1983)”.
Describe new methods completely and give sources of unusual
chemicals, equipment, or microbial strains. When large numbers
of microbial strains or mutants are used in a study, include
strain tables identifying the sources and properties of the
strains, mutants, bacteriophages, plasmids, etc. A method, strain,
etc. used in only one of several experiments reported in the
paper may be described in the Results section, or very briefly
(in one or two sentences) in a table footnote or figure legend.
6. The Results
section should describe the
results of the experiments. Reserve extensive interpretation
for the Discussion section. Present the results as concisely
as possible in one of the following: text, table(s), or figure(s).
Avoid presenting essentially similar data in both table and
figure form. Also avoid extensive use of graphs to present data
that might be more concisely presented in the text or tables.
For example, except in unusual cases, double-reciprocal plots
used to determine apparent Km values should not be presented
as graphs; instead, the values should be stated in the text.
Limit photographs (particularly photomicrographs, electron micrographs,
and photographs of gel patterns) to those that are absolutely
necessary for presenting the experimental findings. Number figures
and tables according to the order of citation in the text.
7. The Discussion
should be concise and provide
an interpretation of the results in relation to previously published
work and to the experimental system at hand. It should not contain
extensive repetition of the Results section or reiteration of
the Introduction. The Discussion
can be combined
as Results and Discussion
personal assistance and financial
assistance in the same paragraphs. The usual format for grant
support is as follows: “This work was supported by Basic Research
grant 000-0000-000-00 from Korea Science and Engineering Foundation.”
of relevant published work in
the text, from Introduction
including tables and figures, should read Kim and Kang (1987)
or (Kim and Kang 1987). When a paper cited has three or more
authors, use the style Chung et al. (1989) or (Chung et al.
1989). Use (Park 1983a) and (Park 1983b) when citing more than
one paper by the same author(s) published in the same year.
For example, “This is observed both in vivo and in vitro (Choi
et al. 1980; Lee 1989a, 1989b; Smith and Jones 1984).”
10. The References
section must be in alphabetical
order by first author. Use the following style:
Author AB, Author CD. 2000. Title of article. J Crop Sci. and
Biotech. 38: 15-22
Author AB, Author CD, Author EF, Author GH, Author IJ, Author
KL. 2000. Title of article. J Crop Sci. and Biotech. 38: 15-22
Author AB, Author CD, Author EF, Author GH, Author IJ et al.
2000. Title of article. J Crop Sci. and Biotech. 38: 15-22 (In
case or more than 11 authors)
Author AB, Author CD, Author EF. 1990. Title of article, In
A Smith, B Jones, eds, Title of Book, Ed 2, Vol 3. Publisher,
City, pp 14-19
Author AB. 2000. Title of thesis. Ph. D. thesis. University,
No authors or eds
Title of Booklet, Pamphlet, etc. 2000. Publisher (or Company),
If authors are 11 or more, list the first 5 names followed by
“et al.”. Cite as references papers already accepted
for publication; the abbreviated name of the journal should
be preceded by the estimated date (year) of publication and
followed by the words “in press”. Submit copies of such papers
to the Editors if they have any bearing on the manuscript under
Abbreviate journal names as in Chemical Abstracts or Biological
Abstracts List of Serials (Biosis). Include first and
last page numbers
. Note usage and positions of commas,
periods, spaces, and italic and bold fonts.
Responsibility for the accuracy of bibliographic references
rests entirely with the author(s)
11. Do not
list the following in the References
section: unpublished data, personal communications, manuscripts
in preparation, manuscripts submitted, pamphlets, abstracts,
and materials that have not been subjected to peer review. Refer
to such sources parenthetically in the text. Do not cite abstracts
of papers presented at scientific meetings as references unless
they appear in publications included in the Biological Abstracts
List of Serials.
If a submitted paper is one of a series, include in the References
the paper immediately preceding it in the series, and identify
it as such as in the text.
12. Keep the number of footnotes
to a minimum.
Use superscript Arabic numerals to identify the footnotes.
13. Figure legends
should provide enough information
for the figure to be understandable without frequent reference
to the text. However, describe detailed experimental methods
in the Materials and Methods
in the figure legend. A method that is unique to one of several
experiments may be reported in a legend if it can be described
very briefly (in one or two sentences). Define all symbols and
abbreviations used in the figure that have not been defined
C. Form and Style of Manuscript
1. Preparation of Manuscript
with double spacing throughout, including references, tables,
footnotes, and figure legends, on one side of A4 size paper
with a margin of 2.5 cm all round. Arrange the parts of the
manuscript in the order indicated below and number all sheets
in succession, the title page being page 1. Indicate by marginal
notes the appropriate location of the tables and figures in
the text. Start each of the following on a separate sheet: (a)
title page as described above, (b) abstract, (c) text from introduction
to acknowledgments, (d) references, (e) footnotes, (f) legends
for figures (more than one legend may be on the same page),
(g) tables, and (h) figures. Be sure to include at least two
original matt prints of all halftone figures.
It is important that manuscripts be written in clear,
grammatically correct English
. Manuscripts that do
not meet minimum standards of English grammar and syntax will
be rejected. Authors should avoid excessively long sentences
and are also encouraged to have shorter paragraphs, for easy
2. Notes Added in Proof
Where the desirability
or necessity of a “Note Added in Proof” can be demonstrated
to the satisfaction of the Editors, the manuscript of the note
may be attached to the proof. This addition must then receive
the approval of the Editors, and may delay publication. Data
obtained after acceptance of the manuscript cannot be inserted
in the text, nor should there be any substantial change in the
conclusions based on new data of the authors or others.
will be published as required.
They provide a means of correcting errors (e.g. typographical)
in published articles. Changes in data and the addition of new
material are not permitted. Send errata directly to the Executive
D. Preparation of Tables
1. Tabulate only essential data or data needed to illustrate
or prove a point. Every table should have an explanatory title
and sufficient experimental detail, usually in a paragraph immediately
following the title, to be intelligible without reference to
2. Each column should carry an appropriate heading. When headings
must be abbreviated, follow the recommendations in the Abbreviations
section below. The units in which the data
are expressed should be given at the top of each column and
not repeated on each line. Words or numerals should be repeated
on successive lines; do not use ditto marks.
3. Always indicate units of measure clearly. If an experimental
condition, such as the number of animals, dosage, concentration
of a compound, etc is the same for all of the tabulated experiments,
provide this information in a statement accompanying the table,
and not in a column of identical figures in the table.
4. Avoid the presentation of large masses of essentially similar
data. Whenever space can be saved thereby, replace extended
tabulations by reporting mean values with some accepted measure
of dispersion (standard deviation, range) and an indication
of the numbers of individual observations contributing to these
statistics. Statements about the significance of measures, e.g.
differences between means or other statistics, should be accompanied
by probability values derived from appropriate statistical tests.
Define all statistical measures clearly and unambiguously.
5. Do not include more significant figures in the data than
are justified by the accuracy of the determinations.
6. Limit the number of horizontal rules and do not use vertical
rules. Footnotes in the tables should be identified with superscript
lower case italic letters: a, b, etc. and placed at the bottom
of the table.
7. In exceptional cases, very complex
may be submitted in “camera-ready” form. Type
such tables in single spacing with a black ribbon.
E. Preparation of Illustrations
1. General Information
A complete set of figures,
as prints (or on sheets) approximately the same size as the
manuscript pages, should accompany each copy of the manuscript
for the convenience of the reviewers. Original drawings or clear
prints may be submitted. Only one set, of top quality, is needed
for the printer; the others may be prints or photocopies, except
in the case of electron micrographs or halftone figures where
good quality prints should be supplied with each copy of the
The Journal will charge authors for the publication of colour
plates and other special illustrations, such as electron micrographs,
which call for special high quality reproduction using coated
(more expensive) paperstock.
Amino acid or nucleotide sequences, or flow diagrams, should
always be prepared for direct photographic reproduction.
It is essential that the photographs submitted be of
the highest quality to permit the best reproduction.
Provide a title and explanatory legend for each figure, but
do not letter the title or legend on the figure itself.
Identify all figures with figure number, and indicate
the TOP side.
Do not mount on heavy cardboard. Do not submit fragile or oversized
original drawings. These may be sent at the time of acceptance,
if they are absolutely essential.
2. Special Instructions
All figures will be
reproduced in a single column width (8.4 cm) or smaller, unless
there is a compelling reason to have them larger. All letters,
numbers, and symbols must be drawn to be at least 1.5 mm and
not more than 3.0 mm high after reduction. Simple figures (e.g.
with a single curve) can usually be reduced to a smaller size
than more complex figures or those that are intended to convey
numerical information. Therefore, the lettering on a simple
figure should be proportionately larger. Rather than labeling
every index line, space the numbers to avoid crowding.
All lines and lettering should be evenly and heavily drawn in
black ink. Use only standard symbols, such as circles, crosses,
rectangles, and triangles (filled or open). The symbols and
curves can be identified in the legend or in the figure itself,
whichever is clearer.
F. Abbreviations and Symbols
All abbreviations used in the text should be defined
in a single footnote. Abbreviations used only in a table or
figure may be defined in the table footnote or figure legend.
A limited use of abbreviations and symbols of specified meaning
is therefore accepted. However, clarity and unambiguity are
more important than brevity.
For some of the most important biochemical reagents, coenzymes,
etc., short abbreviations are universally employed, e.g. ATP,
NAD+, RNA. Creation of new abbreviations of this kind is strongly
All measurements should be in the metric system and SI units
are preferred. Do not use a slash for combination of units,
such as m/s, g/m2/s, etc. They should be described as m s-1,
g m-2 s-1, etc. and one space should be inserted before unit
and between units for multi-unit values. To avoid possible confusion
between gravimetric and volumetric concentrations of substances,
describe them as g g-1, g L-1 and mL L-1 rather than “%”.